Jurnal TANAH TROPIKA (Journal of Tropical Soils), Vol 22, No 2

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The Utilization of Bottom ash and Cow Manure Compost as Soil Ameliorant on Acid Mineral Soil and its Effects on Mustard (Brassica Juncea)

Rika Yayu Agustini, . Iskandar, . Sudarsono, . Jaswadi, Gusti Wahdaniyah

Abstract


Bottom ash and cow manure compost can be used as soil ameliorant. Bottom ash and cow manure compost can improve the soil chemical properties, such as increasing pH and the levels of nutrients availability in the soil. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess the effect of bottom ash and cow manure compost on the improvement of soil chemical characteristic as well as the levels of heavy metals in soils and mustard. This study was conducted in Greenhouse, involving three treatment factors; aged bottom ash (fresh, 4 months and 2 years), the dose of bottom ash, i.e. 0, 40 and 80 tons/ha, and the dose of cow manure compost, i.e 0 and 10 tons/ha. The results showed that the addition of bottom ash and cow manure compost increase the soil pH, total-N, available-P and exchangeable cations (K, Ca and Mg). The addition of bottom ash 40 and 80 tons/ha increase levels of Pb, Cd and Co of the soil, but not with Pb and Co at the plants, while the cow manure compost 10 tons/ha increase level of Cd in soils and plants. However, the whole treatments on the plants and soils showed that low heavy metal was classified.

Keywords: acid mineral soil, bottom ash, compost, heavy metal, landfills


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