Phosphorus (P) Adsorption Behavior and Harvested P by the Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Affected by Inorganic and Organic Fertilizer Applications on an Ultisol

Jamalam Lumbanraja, Catur Putra Satgada, Sarno Sarno, Muhajir Utomo, Rosma Hasibuan, Dermiyati Dermiyati, Sugeng Triyono

Abstract


The field and laboratory experimental studies were conducted to determine the phosphorus (P) adsorption behavior employing Langmuir Method and yield of sugarcane as affected by compost and inorganic fertilizer applications, and to determine the correlations between the Langmuir parameters and the availability of P in soil or harvested P by the sugarcane. Both field and lab experiments were arranged in a randomized block design, consisting of five treatments (A= 100% NPK, B=100% compost, C=100% NPK + 50% compost, D= 50% NPK + 100%, compost, and E= no fertilizer).  Each treatment was replicated three times. Field and laboratory studies were carried out in the sugarcane field and in the Laboratory of Soil Science, the University of Lampung for Langmuir P studies, respectively. The results showed that the applications of 100% NPK plus 50% organic fertilizer, and 100% NPK resulted in the highest amount of available-P in the soil, the lowest maximum adsorption of P (Xm) and the lowest relative bonding energy of P (km); as well as the highest effect on the increase of sugarcane production. On the other hand, the treatments of no fertilizer and the 100% organic fertilizer resulted in the highest maximum adsorption of P (Xm) and the lowest sugar production. There were very significant negative correlations between the maximum adsorption of P (Xm) and soil P, harvested P by the sugarcane and stem biomass; while similar trend but no significant correlations between the relative bonding energy of P (km) and soil P, harvested P, leaf biomass and stem biomass were detected. 

 


Keywords


Compost; inorganic fertilizers; Langmuir; sugarcane; Ultisols

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arai Y, and DL Sparks. 2007. Phosphate reaction dynamics in soils and soil minerals: a multiscale approach. Adv Agron 94: 135-179

Ayaga G, A Todd and PC Brookes. 2006. Enhanced biological cycling of phosphorus increases its availability to cropsin low input sub Saharan farming systems. Soil Biol Biochem 38: 81-90.

Allen BL, AP Mallarino, JG Klat, JL Baker and M Camara. 2006. Soil and surface runoff phosphorus relationships for five typical USA Midwest soils. J Environ Qual. 35: 599-610.

Balai Penelitian Tanah. 2009. Petunjuk Teknis Analisis Kimia Tanah, Tanaman, Air, dan Pupuk edisi 2. Balai Penelitian Tanah. Bogor. 234 p. (in Indonesian).

Babu M, C Reddy and A Subramanyam. 2007. Effect of integrated use of organic and inorganic fertilizers on soil properties and yield of sugarcane. J Indian Soc Soil Sci 55: 161-166.

Bubba MD, CA Arias and H Brix. 2003. Phosphorus adsorption maximum of sands for use as media in subsurface flow constructed reed beds as measured by the Langmuir isotherm. Water Res J 37: 3390-3400.

Casson JP, DR Bennett, SC Nolan, BM Olson and GR Ontkean. 2006. Degree of phosphorus saturation thresholds in manure amended soils of Aberta. J Environ Qual 35: 2212-2221.

Christine B. 2013. Uji Efektivitas Pupuk Organonitrofos dengan Pupuk Kimia terhadap Pertumbuhan, Serapan Hara, dan Produksi Tanaman Cabai Rawit Kathur (Capsicum frutescens) pada Tanah Ultisol Gedung Meneng. Skripsi. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Lampung. 70 hal. (in Indonesian).

Diana G, C Beni and S Marconi. 2010. Comparison of adsorption isotherm equation to describe boron behavior in soils affected by organic and mineral fertilization. Commun soil Sci Plant Anal 41:1112-1128.

Delgado A, A Madrid, S Kassem, I Andrew and MC Carnpillo. 2002. Phosphorus fertilizer recovery from calcareous soils amended with humic and fulvic acids. Plant Soil 245: 277-286.

Dermiyati, SD Utomo, KF Hidayat, J Lumbanraja, S Triyono, H Ismono, N.E. Ratna, N.T. Putri, dan R. Taisa. 2016. Organonitrofos plus fertilizer test on sweet corn and changes of chemical properties of Ultisols. J Trop Soils 21: 9-17.

Grant C, S Bittman, M Montreal, C Plenchette and C Morel. 2004. Soil and fertilizer phosphorus : effects on plant p supply and mycorrhizal development. J Plant Sci 85: 3-14.

Handayani S. 1988. Perbandingan pengaruh bioearth dan blotong terhadap ketersediaan dan serapan, Nitrogen, Fosfor, Kalium serta produksi bahan kering tanaman tebu (Saccharum officinarum L.) pada Regosol (Tropopsamment, Krembung, Sidoarjo). Skripsi. Jurusan Tanah Fakultas Pertanian IPB. 55 hal (in Indonesian).

Helling CS, G Chester and RB Corey. 1964. Contribution of organic matter and clay to soil cation-exchange capacity as affected by the pH of the saturating solution. Soil Sci Soc Am J 28: 517-520.

Hossain MD, MH Musa, J Talib and H Jol. 2010. Effects of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium levels on kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L) growth and photosynthesis under nutrient solution. J Agric Sci 2: 49-57.

Kang J, A Amoozegar, D Hesterberg and DL Osmond. 2011. Phosphorus leaching in a sandy soil as affected by organic and inorganic fertilizer sources. Geoderma 161: 194-201.

Kasno A. 2009. Response of maize plant to phosphorus fertilization on typic distrudepts. J Trop Soils 14: 111-118.

Kaur T, BS Brar and NS Dhillon. 2008. Soil organic matter dynamics as affected by long term use of organic and inorganic fertilizers under maize- wheat cropping systems. Natr Cycl Agroecosys 81: 59-69.

Laverdière MR and A Karam. 1984. Sorption of phosphorus by some surface soils from quebec in relation to their properties. Commun soil Sci Plant Anal 15: 1215-1230.

Lumbanraja J. 2012. Geologi, Petrologi, dan Mineralogi Tanah. Penerbit Lembaga Penelitian Unila.191 hal (in Indonesian).

Lumbanraja J. 2017. Kimia Tanah: Prinsip dasar dan lingkungan. Penerbit Aura, Bandar Lampung, 297 hal (in Indonesian).

Lumbanraja J. 1995. Sorption behavior of phosphorus in acid soil of Ultisols: Effects of phosphorus sources and urea (in Indonesian). J Pen Pengb Wil Lahan Kering 15: 1-17.

Lumbanraja J, T Tadano, M Ninaki, K Oya, T Yoshida, M Utomo and AD Sitorus. 1981. Nutritional limitation factors for rice and corn growth on Podsolic Soils in Lampung Province. In: Y Asada (ed) Cooperation Research between DGHE and JSPS. Ehime University, Japan, pp. 118-124

Lumbanraja, J.,T. Tadano, M. Ninaki, K. Oya, T. Yoshida, M.Utomo, and A.D. Sitorus. 1982. The effect of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertilizers on cassava growth on “Bandarjaya Podsolic Soil” and “Gedung Meneng Latosol Soil”. In: Y Asada (ed.) Cooperation Research between DGHE and JSPS. Ehime University, Japan, pp. 112-122.

Lumbanraja J, H Novpriansyah, A Niswati and TP Sari. 2016. Phosphorus Adsorption Behavior as Affected by Compost, Iron ion, and Iron Concretion in a Highly Weathered Soil. Proceeding of the 6th International Symposium for the Development of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Asia and Africa 2016, pp 29-35.

Lumbanraja J, S Djuniwati and M Murad. 1994. The influence of particle size and the type of iron concretions and compost on the availability of phosphorus in the clay fraction of an Ultisols and an Alfisols. J Pen Pengb Wil Lahan Kering 14: 12-27.

Lumbanraja J, S Mulyani, M Utomo and Sarno. 2017. Phosphorus Extraction from Soil Constituents Using Bray P-1, Mehlich-1 and Olsen Solutions. J Trop Soils 22: 67-76.

Lindsay WL, PLG Vlek and SH Chien. 1989. Phosphate minerals. In: JB Dixon and SB Weed (eds). Minerals in Soil Environment, Ed 2. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, pp. 1089-1130.

Malik MA, K Marchner and KS Khan. 2012. Addition of organic and inorganic P sources to soil – effects on P pools and microorganisms. Soil Biol Biochem 49: 106-113.

Manthambala F, JHA Maida, MW Lowle and VH Kabambe. 2016. Soil management effects on phosphorus sorption and external P requirement in oxisols of Malawi. J Soil Sci Environ Manage 7: 106-114.

Mohammad ZA, S Hoque and KT Osman. 2012. A comparison of the Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin equations to describe phosphate sorption characteristics of some representative soils in Bangladesh. Inter J Soil Sci 7: 91-99.

Monhanty S, NK Paikarai and AR Rajan. 2006. Availability and uptake of phosphorus from organic manures in groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) sequence using radio tracer technique. Geoderma 133: 225-230.

Morel C, N Ziadi and A Messiga. 2014. Modeling of phosphorus dynamics in contrasting agroecosystems using long term field experiments. Can J Soil Sci 94: 377-387.

Nugroho SG, Dermiyati, J Lumbanraja, S Triyono, H Ismono, YT Sari and E Ayuandari. 2012. Optimum ratio of fresh manure and grain size of phosphate rock mixture in a formulated compost for organomineral NP fertilizer. J Trop Soils 17: 121-128.

Nugroho SG, Dermiyati, J Lumbanraja, S Triyono, H Ismono, MK Ningsih and FY Saputri. 2013. Inoculation effect of N-fixer and P-solubilizer in to a mixture of fresh manure and phosphate rock formulated as organonitrofos fertilizer on bacterial and fungal populations. J Trop Soils 18: 75-80.

Parfitt RL. 1978. Anion adsorption by soils and soil materials. Adv Agron 30: 1-50.

Prado RDM. 2010. Phosphorus effect in the nutrition and growth of developing mango plants. J Plant Nutr 33: 2014-2049.

Reddy DD, SA Rao and M Sing. 2005. Changes in P fraction and sorption in an Alfisol following crop residues application. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 168: 241-247.

Sari TP. 2015. Pengaruh Besi dan Bahan Organik Terhadap Jerapan Maksimum dan Energi Ikatan Fosfor pada Tanah Ultisol Natar. Skripsi. Jurusan Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Lampung. Bandar Lampung. 53 hal. (in Indonesian).

Siddique MT and JS Robinson. 2003. Phosphorus sorption and availability in soils amended with animal manures and sewage sludge. J Environ Qual 32: 1114-1121.

Singh G, KW Goyne and JM Kabrick. 2015. Determinants of total and available phosphorus in forested Alfisols and Ultisols of the Ozark Highlands, USA. Geoderma Regional 5: 117-126.

Sing M, KS Reddy, VP Sing and TR Rupa. 2007. Phosphorus availability to rice (Oriza sativa L.) –wheat (Triticum estivum L.) in a vertisol after eight years of organic fertilizer additions. Biorsour Technol 98: 1474-1481.

Soplanit M and R Soplanit. 2012. Pengaruh bokashi ela sagu pada berbagai tingkat kematangan dan pupuk SP-36 terhadap serapan P dan pertumbuhan jagung (Zea mays L.) pada Tanah Ultisol. J Ilmu Budidaya Tanaman 1: 60-68.

Sparks DL. 1989. Kinetics of Soil Chemical Processes. Academic Press. INC. 210 p.

Susilo FX. 2013. Aplikasi Statistika untuk Analisis Data Riset Proteksi Tanaman. Anugrah Utama Raharja. Bandar Lampung. 168 hal. (in Indonesian).

Syahputra E, Fauzi and Razali. 2015. Karakteristik sifat kimia sub grup Tanah Ultisol di beberapa wilayah Sumatera Utara. J Agroekoteknologi 4: 1796-1803.

Temegne CN, JM Taboula, P Nbendah, E Youmbi, VD Taffouo and GN Ntsefong. 2015. Effect of phosphate deficiency on growth and phosphorus content of three Voandzou (Vigna subterranean (L.)Verdc.) varieties. J Agric Vet Sci 8: 52-59.

Thom WO and M Utomo. 1991. Manajemen Laboratorium dan Metode Analisis Tanah dan Tanaman. Penerbit Universitas Lampung. Bandar Lampung. 85 hal. (in Indonesian).

Utami SNH and S Handayani. 2003. Chemical properties in organic and conventional farming system. J Ilmu Pertanian 10: 63-69.

Utomo M, Sudarsono, B Rusman, T Sabrina, J Lumbanraja and Wawan. 2016. Ilmu Tanah: Dasar-dasar dan pengelolaan. Penerbit Prenadamedia Group. 434 hlm.

van der Zee SEATM and WH van Riemsdijk. 1986. Sorption kinetics and transport of phosphate in sandy soil. Geoderma 38: 293-309.

van der Zee SEATM and WH van Riemsdijk. 1988. Model for long-term phosphate reaction kinetics in soil. J Environ Qual 17: 35-41.

Vetterlein D, C Bergmann and RF Hüttl. 1999. Phosphorus availability in different types of open-cast mine spoil and the potential impact of organic matter application. Plant Soil 213: 189-194.

Williams A, G Borjesson and K Hedlund. 2013. The effects of 55 years of different inorganic fertilizer regimes on soil properties and microbial community composition. Soil Biol Biochem 67: 42-46.

Yang Y, L Kong and Z Zheng. 2014. Characteristics of phosphorus adsorption and desorption /of soils from wetlands recovered from farmlands in Caizi Lake. Chinese J Appl Ecol 25: 1063-1068.

Zhao YC, P Wang, JL Li, YR Chen, XZ Ying and SY Liu. 2009. The effects of two organic manures on soil properties and crop yields on a temperate calcareous soil under a wheat-maize cropping system. Eur J Agron 31: 36-42.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5400/jts.2018.v23i1.35-45

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JOURNAL OF TROPICAL SOILS
Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
Jl. Soemantri Brojonegoro No.1, Bandar Lampung 35145, Lampung
INDONESIA
Phone/fax: +62-721-781822

e-ISSN 2086-6682