Enhanced Soil Chemical Properties and Rice Yield in Acid Sulphate Soil by Application of Rice Straw

Siti Nurzakiah, Linda Indrayati, Nurita Nurita


Swampland development such as acid sulphate soil for agricultural cultivation has various problem, including high soil acidity, fluctuated and unpredictable water flooding and the presence of toxic elements such as Fe which resulting in low crop yields. The research was conducted at the experimental station Belandean, Barito Kuala regency in dry season 2007.  The objective of research was to study the effect of rice straw on the dynamic of soil pH, the concentration of iron and sulphate and yield on tidal land acid sulphate soil at two different water inlet channel. This research was designed in RCBD (Randomized Completely Block Design) with five treatments (0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5 and 10 Mg ha-1) and four replications. Dolomite as much as 1 Mg ha-1 was also applied.  This research was divided into two sub-units experiment i.e. two conditions of different water inlet channel. The first water channels were placed with limestone and the second inlet was planted with Eleocharis dulcis.  The results showed that (i) rice straw application did not affect the dynamic of soil pH, concentration of iron and sulphate, and (ii) the highest yield was obtained with 7.5 Mg ha-1 of rice straw.


Acid sulphate soil; rice straw; rice yield; soil chemical properties

Full Text:



Balai Penelitian Tanah. 2005. Analisis kimia tanah, tanaman, air dan pupuk. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Departemen Pertanian. Bogor. 136 p (in Indonesian).

Cho YS and T Kobata. 2002. N top – dressing and rice straw application for low – input cultivation of transplanted rice in Japan. Korean J Crop Sci 47 (4): 273-278.

Dobermann A and T Fairhurst. 2000. Rice. Nutrient disorders and nutrient management. International Rice Rsearch Insitute. Philippines, 191p.

Gazsó LG. 2001. The key microbial processes in the removal of toxic metals and radionuclides from the environment. CEJOEM 7 (3-4): 178-185.

Groenenberg JE. 1990. Modeling of solute transport and chemical processes in acid sulphate soils. In: Papers Workshop on Acid Sulphate Soils in the Humid Topics, 20-22 November 1990, Bogor, Indonesia, 182-194 pp.

Hairani A, I Noor, M Najib and K Anwar. 2006. Teknologi perbaikan produktivitas lahansulfat masam aktual. In: Laporan Akhir 2006. Balittra. Banjarbaru (in Indonesian).

Hepler PK 2005. Calcium: A central regulator of plant growth and development. The Plant Cell 17: 2142-2155

Huang PM and A Violante. 1986. Influence of organic acids on crystallization and surface properties of precipitation products of aluminum In: PM Huang and M Schnitzer (eds). Interactions of Soil Minerals with Natural Organics and Microbes. SSSA Special Publication Number 17. Soil Science Society of America, Inc. Madison, Wisconsin, USA, pp. 159-214.

Indrayati L and A Jumberi. 2001. Pengelolaan jerami padi pada pertanaman padi di lahan pasang surut sulfat masam. In: Pengelolaan Tanaman Pangan Lahan Rawa. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Puslitbang Tanaman Pangan. Bogor, pp. 339-346 (in Indonesian).

IRRI [International Rice Research Institute]. 1996. Standard evaluation system for rice. Los Banos. Philippines, 30 p.

Jintaridth B, P Limthong, T Inthasothi and C Charoenchamratcheep. 2006. Role and the effectiveness of phospho-microorganisms with rock phosphate. The 18th World Congress of Soil Science Abstract, July 9-15. Philadelphia. Pennsylvania. USA. 681 pp.

Jumberi A, M Sarwani and Koesrini. 2003. Komponen teknologi pengelolaan lahan dan tanaman untuk meningkatkan produksi dan efisiensi produksi di lahan sulfat masam. In: Laporan Akhir 2003. Balittra. Banjarbaru (in Indonesian).

Kongchum M. 2005. Effect of Plant Residue and Water management Practices on Soil Redox Chemistry, Methane Emission and Rice Productivity. [Desertation]. Graduate Faculty of the Louisiana State University. USA. 201 p.

Konsten CJM, S Suping, IB Aribawa and IPG Widjaja-Adhi. 1990. Chemical processes in acid sulphate soils in Pulau Petak, South and Central Kalimantan. In: Papers Workshop on Acid Sulphate in The Humid Tropics. AARD-LAWOO, Bogor, pp. 109-135.

Kovaèeviæ V and M Rastija. 2010. Impacts of liming by dolomit on the maize and barley grain Yields. Poljoprivreda 16 (2): 3-8.

Kuswandi. 1993. Pengapuran tanah pertanian. Yogyakarta. Penerbit Kanisius, 92 p (in Indonesian)

Luu HM, VT Khang and T Watanabe. 2001. Improvement of soil fertility by rice straw manure. Omonrice 9: 68-73.

Makarim A, Sumarno and Suyamto. 2007. Jerami padi. Pengelolaan dan pemanfaatan. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Puslitbang Tanaman Pangan. Bogor, 53 p. (in Indonesian).

Mills C. 2002. The Role of Micro-organisms in Acid Rock Drainage. http://technology.infomine.com/enviromine/ard/Microorganisms/roleof.htm., Accessed on 27 April 2010.

Noor M. 2004. Lahan rawa. Sifat dan pengelolaan tanah bermasalah sulfat masam. PT. Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta, 242 p (in Indonesian).

Stevenson FJ. 1994. Humus chemistry. Genesis, composition, reaction. John Wiley and Son Inc. New York. USA. 496 p.

Suriawira. 2003. Mikrobiologi air dan dasar – dasar pengolahan buangan secara biologis. Alumni Bandung. 330 p (in Indonesian).

Tadano T and T Yoshida. 1978. Chemical changes in submerged soils and their effect on rice growth. In: Soils and Rice. International Rice Research Institute. Los Banos, The Philippines. pp. 399-420.

Tan KH. 1986. Degradation of soil minerals by organic acid. In: PM Huang and M Schnitzer (eds). Interactions of Soil Minerals with Natural Organics and Microbes. SSSA Special Publication Number 17. Soil Science Society of America, Inc. Madison, Wisconsin, USA, pp. 1-25.

Tan KH. 2003. Humic Mater in the Soil and the Environment: principles and Controversies. Mercel Dekker, Inc. New York. USA. 359p.

White P and MR Broadley. 2003. Calcium in plants. Ann Bot 92 (4): 487-511.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5400/jts.2012.v17i1.%25p


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.