Hubungan antara Kandungan Bahan Organik Tanah dengan Periode Pasca Tebang Tanaman HTI Acacia Mangium Willd.

Sabaruddin Sabaruddin, Siti Nurul Aidil Fitri, Lesi Lestari


Relationship between the Organic Matter Content with Post Harvest Period of Forest Industrial Plant Acacia mangium Willd (Sabaruddin, S.N.A. Fitri, and L. Lestari): Timber harvesting may have significant effects on soil organic matter content through mechanical disturbance, inputs of logging slash, alterations in litter production, and leaching of dissolved organic matter, as well as the alteration of temperature and moisture regimes.  To investigate the effect of post-harvest period of tree harvesting on the dynamics of soil organic matter content, surface soils (0 to 10 cm and 10 to 20 cm) were collected from intact Acacia mangium Willd. plantation (control) and from A. mangium Willd. harvested in 2001, 2002, 2004, and 2006 in four replicates.  Each replicate consisted of composited 4 sub-samples.  Timber harvesting reduced litter accumulation on soil surface.  However, the amount of litter accumulated on soil surface increased as post-harvest period increased.  Timber harvesting significantly (p<0.001) affected soil organic matter content both in 0 to 10 cm and 10 to 20 cm.  The increases in soil organic matter content were significantly correlated (r=0.85; p<0.001 in 0 to10 cm and r=0.62; p<0.01 in 10 to 20 cm) with post harvest period.


Acacia; organic matter; post-harvest

Full Text:



Bélanger, N., D. Pare´, and S.H. Yamasaki. 2003. The soil acid-base status of boreal black spruce stands after whole-tree and stem-only harvesting. Can. J. For. Res. 33: 1874-1879.

Benson, R.E. 1982. Management consequences of alternative harvesting and residue treatment practices – lodgepole pine. USDA Forest Service, Gen. Tech. Rpt. INT-GTR-132

Burger, J.A., and W.L. Pritchett. 1984. Effects of clearfelling and site preparation on nitrogen mineralization in a southern pine stand. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 48: 1432-1437.

Crews, T.E, K. Kitayama, J.H. Fownes, R.H. Riley, D.A. Herbert, D. Mueller-Dombois, and P.M. Vitousek. 1995. Changes in soil phosphorus fractions and ecosystem dynamics across a long chronosequence in Hawaii. Ecology 76: 1407-24.

Davidson, E.A., K. Savage and P. Bolstad. 2002. Belowground carbon allocation in forests estimate ed from litterfall and IRGA-based soil respiration measurements. Agric. Forest Meteor. 113: 39-51.

Epron, D., Y. Nouvellon, P. Deleporte, S. Ifo, G. Kazotti, A.T. M’Bou, W. Mouvondy, L.S. Andre, O. Roupsard, C. Jourdan and O. Hamel. 2006. Soil carbon balance in a clonal Eucalyptus plantation in Congo: Effects of logging on carbon inputs and soil CO2 efflux. Global Change Biol. 12: 1021-1031.

Egnell, G. and E. Valinger. 2003. Survival, growth, and growth allocation of planted Scots pine trees after different levels of biomass removal in clear-felling. For. Ecol. Manag. 177: 65-74.

Epron, D., Y. Nouvellon, P. Deleporte, S. Ifo, G. Kazotti, A.T. M’Bou, W. Mouvondy, L.S. Andre, O. Roupsard, C. Jourdan and O. Hamel. 2006. Soil carbon balance in a clonal Eucalyptus plantation in Congo: Effects of logging on carbon inputs and soil CO2 efflux. Global Change Biol. 12: 1021-1031.

Jobággy E.G. and R.B Jackson. 2000. The vertical distribution of soil organic carbon and its relation to climate and vegetation. Ecol. Appl. 10: 423-36.

Johnson, D.W. and P.S. Curtis. 2001. Effects of management on soil C and N storage: meta analysis. For. Ecol. Manag. 140: 227-238.

Laclau, J.P., J.P. Bouillet and J. Ranger. 2000. Dynamics of biomass and nutrient accumulation in a clonal plantation of Eucalyptus in Congo. For. Ecol. Manag. 128: 181-196.Lee, J., I.K. Morrison, and J.D. Leblanc. 2002. Carbon sequestration in trees and regrowth vegetation as affected by clearcut and partial harvesting in a second-growth boreal mixedwood. For. Ecol. Manag. 169: 83-101.

Lichter, J. 1998. Primary succession and forest development on coastal Lake Michigan sand dunes. Ecol. Monogr. 68: 487-510.

Mroz, G.D., M.F. Jurgensen, and D.J. Frederick. 1985. Soil nutrient changes following whole-tree harvesting on three northern hardwood sites. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 49: 1552-1557.

Olsson, B.A., H. Staaf, H. Lundkvist and K. Rosén. 1996. Carbon and nitrogen in coniferous forest soils after clear-felling and harvests of different intensity. For. Ecol. Manag. 82: 19-32.

Olsson, B.A., H. Lundkvist and H. Staaf. 2000. Nutrient status in needles of Norway spruce and Scots pine following harvesting of logging residues. Plant Soil 223: 161-17.

Paré, D., P. Rochon and S. Brais. 2002. Assessing the geochemical balance of managed boreal forests. Ecol. Indicators 1: 293-311.

Piatek, K.R. and H.L. Allen. 1999. Nitrogen Mineralization in a Pine Plantation Fifteen Years After Harvesting and Site. Soil Sci. Am. J. 63: 990-998.

Sabaruddin, S. Ishizuka, K. Sakurai, S. Tanaka, S. Kubota, M. Hirota, S.J. Priatna, and Juairiah. 2001. Characteristics of Ultisols under different wildfire history in South Sumatra, Indonesia: I. Physico-chemical properties. Tropics 10: 565-580.

Sabaruddin, K. Sakurai, S. Tanaka, Y. Kang and N. Gofar. 2003. Characteristics of Ultisols differing in wildfire history in South Sumatra, Indonesia: II. Dynamics of chemical properties. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 49 (1): 1-7.

Thiffault, E., D. Paré, N. Bélanger, A. Munson, and F. Marquis. 2006. Harvesting intensity at clear-felling in the Boreal Forest: Impact on soil and foliar nutrient status. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 70: 691-701.

Turner J. and M. Lambert. 2000. Change in organic carbon in forest plantation soils in eastern Australia. For. Ecol. Manag. 133: 231-247.

Ussiri, D.A.N. and C.E. Johnson. 2004. Sorption of organic carbon fractions by spodosol mineral horizons. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 68: 253-262.

Vitousek, P.M. and P.A. Matson. 1984. Mechanisms of nitrogen reten­tion in forest ecosystems: A field experiment. Science 225: 51-52.

Vitousek, P.M. and P.A. Matson. 1985. Disturbance, nitrogen avail­ability, and nitrogen losses in an intensively managed loblolly pine plantation. Ecology 66:1360-1376.

Walkley, A. and I.A. Black. 1934. An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci. 37: 29-38.

Waide, J.B., W.H. Caskey, R.L. Todd and L.R. Boring. 1988. Changes in soil nitrogen pools and transformations following forest clear-cutting. In W.T. Swank and D.A. Crossley, Jr. (ed.) Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. Ecological studies. Vol. 66. Springer-Verlag, New York. pp. 221-232.

Wei, X., W. Liu, J. Waterhouse, and M. Armleder. 2000. Simulations on impacts of different management strategies on long-term productivity in lodgepole pine forests of the central interior of British Columbia. For. Ecol. Manag. 133: 217-229.

White, L.L., D.R. Zak, and B.V. Barnes. 2004. Biomass accumulation and soil nitrogen availability in an 87-year-old Populus grandidentata chronosequence. For. Ecol. Manag. 191: 121-127.

Yanai, R.D., W.S. Curie and C.L. Goodale. 2003. Soil carbon dynamics after forest harvest: An ecosystem paradigm reconsidered. Ecosystem 6: 197-212.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.