Effect of the 32nd-year Soil Tillage and Nitrogen Fertilization on the Population and Biomass of Earthworm under Zea mays L.

Dedy Prasetyo, Dwi Imaria, Ainin Niswati, Sri Yusnaini

Abstract


The abundance and biomass of earthworms are affected by soil tillage and fertilization. This research aimed to study long-term 32nd-year soil tillage and nitrogen fertilization on the population and biomass of earthworms under Zea mays L. The research was conducted using a randomized block design (RBD) which consisted of two factors. The first factor was the soil tillage that was Intensive Tillage (IT), Minimum Tillage (MT), and No-Tillage (NT). The Second factor was nitrogen fertilization that was N0 = 0 kg N ha-1 and N1= 200 kg N ha-1. Data of earthworm population and biomass were tested using analysis of variance and continued with the least significant difference (LSD) test at the 95% significant level. The population and biomass of earthworms at MT or NT were higher than IT. The population and biomass of earthworms in the plots without fertilization were higher than those at 200 kg N ha-1. There was an interaction between the soil tillage and N fertilization on earthworm biomass observed 60 days after planting at a 0-10 cm depth. There was a positive correlation between soil pH and earthworm population and biomass before the tillage phase.

Keywords


Corn; earthworm; fertilization; soil tillage

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anwar EK. 2009. Efektivitas cacing tanah Pheretima hupiensis, Edrellus sp. dan Lumbricus sp. dalam proses dekomposisi bahan organik. J Trop Soils 14: 149-158.

Cookson WR, DV Murphy and MM Roper. 2008. Characterizing the relationships between soil organic matter components and microbial function and composition along a tillage disturbance gradient. Soil Biol Biochem 40: 763-777.

Duddigan S, T Fraser, I Green, A Diaz, T Sizmur and M Tibbett. 2021. Plant, soil, and faunal responses to a contrived pH gradient. Plant and Soil 462: 505-524.

Fründ HC, U Graefe and S Tischer. 2011. Earthworms as bioindicators of soil quality. In: A Karca (ed). Biology of earthworms. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 261-278.

Hairiah K, P Purnomosidi, N Khasanah, N Nasution, B Lusiana and M van Noordwijk. 2003. Utilization of Bagasse and sugarcane trash for improving soil organic matter status and sugarcane yield in North Lampung: Measurement and Estimation of Wanulcas simulation. Agrivita 25: 30-40.

Jayanthi S, R Widhiastuti and E Jumilawaty. 2014. Komposisi komunitas cacing pada lahan pertanian organik dan anorganik di desa Raya kecamatan Berastagi Kabupaten Karo. J Biotik 2: 1-9.

Lalthanzara H and SN Ramanujam. 2010. Effect of fertilizer (NPK) on earthworm population in the agroforestry system of Mizoram India. Science Vision 10: 159-167.

Marhan S and S Scheu. 2005. The influence of mineral and organic fertilizers on the growth of the endogeic earthworm Octolasion tyrtaeum (Savigny). Pedobiologia 49: 239-249.

Moore JD, R Ouimet and PJ Bohlen. 2013. Effects of liming on survival and reproduction of two potentially invasive earthworm species in a northern forest Podzol. Soil Biol Biochem 64: 174-180.

Nurhidayati N, E Arisoesilaningsih, D Suprayogo and K Hairiah. 2012. The earthworm population density in sugarcane cropping system applied with various quality of organic matter. J Trop Life Sci 2: 103-109.

Pelosi C, B Pey, M Hedde, G Caro, Y Capowiez, M Guernion, J Peigné, D Piron, cacing M Bertrand and D Cluzeau. 2014. Reducing tillage in cultivated fields increases earthworm functional diversity. Appl Soil Ecol 83: 79-87.

Ratnawati S, NSN Handayani and Trijoko. 2019. Keragaman jenis tanah di Kebun Biologi Universitas Gadjah Mada. J Biologi Universitas Andalas 7: 126-135. (in Indonesian).

Sessiz AA and S Gursoy. 2010. Conservation and conventional tillage methods on selected soil physical properties and corn (Zea mays L.) yield and quality under cropping system in Turkey. Bulgarian J Agric Sci 16: 597-608.

TangY, DF Garvin, LV Kochian, ME Sorrells, and BF Carver. 2002. Physiological genetics of aluminum tolerance in the wheat cultivar Atlas 66. Crop Sci 42: 1541-1546.

Utomo M. 2012. Tanpa Olah Tanah: Teknologi Pengelolaan Pertanian Lahan Kering. Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Lampung. Bandar Lampung. 110 p. (in Indonesian).

Utomo M. 2015. Tanpa Olah Tanah: Teknologi Pengelolaan Pertanian Lahan Kering. Graha Ilmu. Yogyakarta. 157 hlm.

Wu J, Z Ren, C Zhang, M Motelica-Heino, T Deng, H Wang and J Dai. 2019. Effects of soil acid stress on the survival, growth, reproduction, antioxidant enzyme activities, and protein contents in earthworm (Eisenia fetida). Environ Sci Pollut Res 27: 33419-33428.

Yusnaini S, A Niswati, MAS Arif and M Nonaka. 2008. The changes of earthworm population and chemical properties of tropical soils under different land-use systems. J Trop Soils 13: 131-137.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5400/jts.2021.v26i2.105-113

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


INDEXING SITE

University of OxfordColumbia University LibraryStanford Crossref EBSCO

DOAJ

 

  


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.