Some soil characteristics, N and P absorption by plant growth in an Alfisol due to application of rice husk biochar and cow manure (Case study in Madura, Indonesia)

Slamet Supriyadi, Bakti Wisnu Widjajani, Eko Murniyanto

Abstract


Effect of biochar on dryland in Madura has not been fully assessed. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of biochar and animal manure on some soil characteristics, namely water content at field capacity, CEC, N total, available P, and N and P absorption and plant growth planted on an Alfisol. Rice husk biochar was mixed with cow manure and applied at rates of 2.5 - 10 ton ha-1. Result showed that application of biochar (2.5 ton ha-1) and cow manure (7.5 ton ha-1) improved soil characteristics, plant growth, and soybean yield up to 22%. Cow manure in this study would function as source of nutrients while rice husk biochar acted as a storage of nutrients that then released slowly to soil solution for plant uptake. It was concluded that the mixture of 2.5 ton rice husk biochar ha-1 and 7.5 ton cow manure ha-1 could the best combination of soil amendments to apply in an Alfisol in Madura.


Keywords


soil ecology

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5400/jts.2022.v27i2.%25p

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