Jurnal TANAH TROPIKA (Journal of Tropical Soils), Vol 18, No 1

Font Size:  Small  Medium  Large

Ameliorant Application on Variation of Carbon Stock and Ash Content on Peatland South Kalimantan

Siti Nurzakiah, Fahmuddin Agus, Haris Syahbuddin

Abstract


Carbon stock on peatlands are large and will be easily emitted if the land is opened or drained, therefore the measurements of  carbon stocks and ash content are important to know the amount of emissions and agricultural sustainability in peatlands. This study aimed to determine carbon stock and ash content on peatlands in the Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund (ICCTF) located in South Kalimantan on the geographic position S. 03°25’52" and E. 114°47’6.5". The experiment consisted of six treatments of ameliorant materials namely; mineral soil, peat fertilizer A, peat fertilizer T, manure, ash, and control.  The results showed that the variation of peat soil properties was very high at this location. Peat thickness ranged from 36-338 cm, and this led to high variations in carbon stocks ranged between 161.8 – 1142.2 Mg ha-1. Besides ash contents of the soil were also highly varied ranged from 3.4 – 28.5%. This natural variation greatly affected the ICCTF study design. Mineral soil treatment had a mean carbon stock (961.3 ± 61.5 Mg ha-1) which was higher and different from other treatments. High ash content was obtained in the ash treatment (18.6 ± 2.5%) and manure (15.7 ± 3.6%).  It is recommended that the analysis of plant responses and greenhouse gas emissions using a single regression analysis and multiple regression with ash content as one of the independent variables are needed.

Keywords: Ash content, carbon stock, peatland,  peat thickness

[How to Cite: Nurzakiah S, F Agus, and H Syahbuddin. 2013. Ameliorant Application on Variation of Carbon Stock and Ash Content on Peatland South Kalimantan J Trop Soils, 18 (1) : 11-16. doi: 10.5400/jts.2013.18.1.11]

[Permalink/DOI: www.dx.doi.org/10.5400/jts.2013.18.1.11]

 

 


References


Agus F and IGM Subiksa.  2008.  Lahan Gambut: Potensi untuk pertanian dan aspek lingkungan.  Balai Penelitian Tanah dan World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF).  Bogor.  Indonesia, 36 p (in Indonesian).
Agus F. 2009. Panduan Metode Pengukuran Karbon Tersimpan Di Lahan Gambut.  Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian.  Bogor and World Agroforestry Centre, SEA, Bogor, Indonesia (in Indonesian).
Ansari AH.  2011.  Peatlands and Global Warming: A Study with special reference to South-East Asian Countries.  Aust J Basic Appl Sci 5: 596-605.
Dariah A, E Susanti, A Mulyani and F Agus.  2012.  Faktor penduga simpanan karbon pada tanah gambut.  Makalah disampaikan pada Seminar Nasional Sumberdaya Lahan Topik Khusus.  Pengelolaan Lahan Gambut Berkelanjutan. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan pertanian.  Bogor. 4 Mei 2012. (in Indonesian).
Gronlund A, H Atle, H Anders and PR Daniel. 2008. Carbon loss estimates from cultivated peat soils in Norway: a comparison of three methods.  Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 81: 157-167.
IRRI [International Rice Research Insititute].  2007.  Coping with climate change, climate change threatens to affect rice production across the globe-what is known about the likely impact, and what can be done about it.  Rice Today 6: 10-13.
Joosten H.  2009.  The Global Peatland CO2 Picture.  Peatland status and drainage related emissions in all countries of the world. Wetlands International. www.wetlands.org. 35 p. Accesed on 20 March 2012.
 Joshi L, Janudianto, M van Noordwijk and P Pradhan. 2010. Investment in carbon stocks in the eastern buffer zone of Lamandau River Wildlife Reserve, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia: a REDD+ feasibility study. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Office, 91 p.
Kiely G, NM McGoff, JM Eaton, X Xu, P Leahy and O Carton.  2009.  SoilC – Measuring and Modelling of Soil Carbon Stocks and Stock Changes in Irish Soils. EPA STRIVE PROGRAMME 2007–2013 Report.  Environmental Protection Agency.  Ireland. 37 p.
Lasco RD. 2002. Forest carbon budged in Southeast Asia following harvesting and land cover change. Sci China (Series C) 45 Supp: 55-64.
Maswar. 2011. Kajian Cadangan Karbon Pada Lahan  Gambut Tropika yang Didrainase untuk Tanaman Tahunan. [Disertasi Doktor]. Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor (in Indonesian).
Morison J, E Vanguelova, S Broadmeadow, M Perks, S Yamulki and T Randle. 2010. Understanding the GHG implications of forestry on peat soils in Scotland.  The Research Agency of the Forestry Commission.  Scotland. 55 p.
Noor M.  2001.  Pertanian Lahan Gambut: Potensi dan kendala.  Penerbit Kanisius.  Jakarta.  174 p (in Indonesian).
Page SE, F Siegert, O Rieley, HDV Boehm, A Jaya and SH Limin.  2002.  The amount of carbon released from peat and forest fire in Indonesia during 1997.  Nature 420: 61-65.
Page SE, R Wuest, D Weiss, O Rieley, W Shotyk and SH Limin.  2004. A record of Late Pleistocene and Holocene Carbon accumulation and climate change from an equatorial peat bog (Kalimantan, Indonesia): Implications for past, present and future carbon dynamics. J Quaternary Sci 19: 625-636.
Rieley JO, RAJ Wust, J Jauhiainen, SE Page, H Wosten, A Hooijer, F Siegert, SH Limin, H Vasander and M Stahlhut. 2008. Tropical peat lands: carbon stores, carbon gas Emissions and contribution to climate change Processes. In: M Strack (ed) Peat Lands and Climate Change. International Peat Society, Vapaudenkatu 12, 40100 Jyväskylä, Finland, pp. 148-182.
Wahyunto, A Dariah and F Agus.  2010.  Distribution, properties and carbon stock of Indonesian peatland. In: ZS Chen and F Agus (eds).  Proceedings of International Workshop on Evaluation and Sustainable Management of Soil Carbon Sequestration in Asian Countries. Bogor.  Indonesia.  September 28 – 29, 2010, pp. 187-204.
Wahyunto, S Ritung, Suparto and H Subagjo. 2004. Map of Peatland Distribution Area and Carbon Content in Kalimantan, 2000 – 2002. Wetlands International – Indonesia Programme & Wildlife Habitat Canada (WHC).  Bogor.
Wardah, B Toknok and Zolkhaidah.  2011.  Carbon stock of agroforestry systems at adjacent buffer zone of Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi.  J Trop Soils 16: 123-128. doi: 10.5400/jts.2011.16.2.123.
Wellock ML, B Reidy, CM Laperle, T Bolger and G Kiely.  2011.  Soil organic carbon stocks of afforested peatlands in Ireland.  Forestry 84: 441-451.
White DM, DS Garland, X Dai and CL Ping. 2002. Fingerprinting soil organic matter in the Arctic to help predict CO2 flux.  J Cold Reg Sci Tech 35: 185-194.
Zhang Y, C Li, CC Trettin, H Li and G Sun.  2002.   An integrated model of soil, hydrology and vegetation for carbon dynamics in wetland ecosystems. Global Biogeochem Cy 16: 9.1-9.17. doi:10.1029/2001GB001838.

Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


University of OxfordCOPACColumbia University LibraryStanford Crossref EBSCO

DOAJ

 

Print ISSN 0852-257X, Online ISSN 2086-6682