Composition and Dose of Ameliorant Against C/N Ratio, Soil pH, Plant Phosphate Content on Potato Plants

Linlin Parlinah, Jajang Sauman Hamdani, Anne Nurbaity, Anne Nuraini


This research aimed to study the addition of ameliorant material in the soil to increase fertility rates, especially for potato plants grown at the height of 750 m above sea level. The experiments were conducted on medium plains 750 m above sea level in the Jatinangor area, Indonesia, with land type Incepticol. The composition of ameliorant consists of Cattle manure, biochar from coconut shells, and dolomite. The seeds of the potatoes used are relatively good varietal when cultivated in a medium plain. The design of the environment used is the group’s random draft repeated three times, the treatment design consists of K0: control; K1: Cattle manure 10 Mg ha-1; K2: Cattle manure 20 Mg ha-1; K3: Cattle manure 8 Mg ha-1, dolomite 1 Mg ha-1, 1 Mg ha-1 biochar; K4: Cattle manure 16 Mg ha-1, dolomite 2 Mg ha-1, 2-Mg biochar ha-1, K5: Cattle manure 8 Mg ha-1, dolomite 2 Mg ha-1; K6: Cattle manure 16 Mg ha-1, dolomite 4 Mg ha-1; K7: Cattle manure 8 Mg ha-1, biochar 2 Mg ha-1; K8: Cattle manure 16 Mg ha-1, biochar 4 Mg ha-1. Results showed that the composition and dose of ameliorant could increase the value of soil pH but have not improved the C/N ratio and absorption of phosphorus plants. The best result was obtained from the composition treatment of 16 Mg ha-1 Cattle manure, 2 Mg ha-1 dolomite, and 2 Mg ha-1 biochar. Soil pH is capable of increased by 16.83%, and the size of the potato bulbs of Class L (450-550 mm) amounted to 35, 11%, size M (350-450 mm) by 25.89%, and size S (200-350 mm) amounting to 34.37% when compared with controls.


Ameliorant composition; soil nutrient content and potato yield

Full Text:



Agegnehu G, AM Bass, PN Nelson and MI Bird. 2016. Benefits of biochar, compost, and biochar-compost for soil quality, maize yield, and greenhouse gas emissions in tropical agricultural soil. Sci Total Environ 543: 295-306. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.11.054.

Bedada W, M Lemenih and E Karltun. 2016. Soil nutrient build-up, input interaction effects, and plot-level N and P balances under long-term addition of compost and NP fertilizer. Agric Ecosyst Environ 218: 220-231. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2015.11.024.

Braman S, M Tenuta and MH Entz. 2016. Selected soil biological parameters measured in the 19th year of a long-term organic-conventional comparison study in Canada. Agric Ecosyst Environ 233: 343-351. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2016.09.035.

Bøendová K, V Zemanová, D Pavlíková and P Tlustoš. 2016. Utilization of biochar and activated carbon to reduce Cd, Pb, and Zn phytoavailability and phytotoxicity for plants. J Environ Manage 181: 637-645. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.06.042.

Dariah A and E Susanti. 2015. The Effectiveness of Ameliorant to Increase Carbon Stock of Oilpalm and Rubber Plantation on Peatland. Tropical Soil 20: 67-75. doi: 10.5400/jts.2015.20.2.67.

Das A, DP Patel, M Kumar, GI Ramkrushna, A Mukherjee, J Layek, SV Ngachan and J Buragohain. 2017. Impact of Seven Years of Organic Farming on Soil and Produce Quality and Crop Yields in Eastern Himalayas, India. Agric Ecosyst Environ 236: 142-153. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2016.09.007.

Debaba GH, A Hartono, U Sudadi and LT Indriyati. 2019. Establishing soil phosphorus critical level for potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Andisol of Lembang, Indonesia. Int. Soc Southeast Asian Agric Sci 25: 11-20.

Dua V, S Kumar and P Chaukhande. 2016. Impact of climate change on potato (Solanum tuberosum) productivity in Bihar and relative adaptation strategies. Indian J Agron 61: 79-88.

Ghosh A, R Bhattacharyya, BS Dwivedi, MC Meena, BK Agarwal, P Mahapatra, DK Shahi, R Salwani and R Agnihorti. 2016. Temperature sensitivity of soil organic carbon decomposition as affected by long-term fertilization under a soybean-based cropping system in a sub-tropical Alfisol. Agric Ecosyst Environ 233: 202-213. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2016.09.010.

Gwenzi W, M Muzava, F Mapanda and TP Tauro. 2016. Comparative short-term effects of sewage sludge and its biochar on soil properties, maize growth, and uptake of nutrients on tropical clay soil in Zimbabwe. J Integr Agric 15: 1395-1406. doi: 10.1016/S2095-3119(15)61154-6.

Hosseini A, S Nemati, M Khajehosseini and H Aroiee. 2017. Effects of different nitrogen and solupotasse fertilizer rate on yield and yield components of potato. IIOAB J 8: 93-97.

Kiran YK, A Barkat, X Qiang Cui, Y Feng, F shan Pan, L Tang and Xe Yang. 2017. Cow manure and cow manure-derived biochar application as a soil amendment for reducing cadmium availability and accumulation by Brassica Chinensis L. in acidic red soil. J Integr Agric 16: 725-734. doi: 10.1016/S2095-3119(16)61488-0.

Kolton M, YM Harel, Z Pasternak, ER Graber, Y Elad and E Cytryn. 2011. Impact of biochar application to soil on the root-associated bacterial community structure of fully developed greenhouse pepper plants. Appl Environ Microbiol 77: 4924-4930. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00148-11.

Lee Y, J Park, C Ryu, KS Gang, W Yang, Y-K Park, J Jung and S Hyun. 2013. Comparison of biochar properties from biomass residues produced by slow pyrolysis at 500°C. Bioresour Technol 148: 196-201. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.08.135.

Li F, D Feng, H Deng, H Yu and C Ge. 2016. Effects of Biochars Prepared from Cassava Dregs on Sorption Behavior of Ciprofloxacin. Procedia Environ Sci 31: 795-803. doi: 10.1016/j.proenv.2016.02.076.

Lizana X, A Avila, A Tolaba and J Martinez. 2017. Field responses of potato to increased temperature during tuber bulking: Projection for climate change scenarios, at high-yield environments of Southern Chile. Agric For Meteorol 239: 192-201.

Mew MC. 2016. Phosphate Rock Costs, Prices and Resources Interaction. Sci Total Environ 542: 1008-1012. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.08.045.

Pawelzik E and K Moller. 2014. Sustainable Potato Production Worldwide: the Challenge to Assess Conventional and Organic Production Systems. Potato Res 57: 273-290. DOI: 10.1007/s11540-015-9288-2.

Potarzycki J and W Grzebisz. 2019. Trends In Phosphorus Concentrations In Potato Organs During The Growing Season. J Elem 24: 935-952.

Rehrah D, MR Reddy, JM Novak, RR Bansode, KA Schimmel, J Yu, DW Watts and M Ahmedna. 2014. Production and characterization of biochars from agricultural by-products for use in soil quality enhancement. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 108: 301–309. doi: 10.1016/j.jaap.2014.03.008.

Rittenhouse JL, PJ Rice, KA Spokas and WC Koskinen. 2014. Assessing biochar’s ability to reduce the bioavailability of aminocyclopyrachlor in soils. Environ Pollut 189: 92-97. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2014.02.022.

Shankar R, D Singh and J Kumar. 2016. Photoperiod effect on yield attributing traits of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Res Environ Life Sci 9: 771-774.

Sumartini NP, AS Wibowo, Z Nurfalah, AD Irjayanti, IM Putri, W Suprapti and SK Areka. 2021. Horticultural Statistics. In: R Setiawati, Sulistina, R Widyastuti, IH Marpaung, and M Ulum (eds). BPS-Statistics Indonesia, pp 22-24. (in Indonesian).

Sun X, R Shan, X Li, J Pan, X Liu, R Deng and J Song. 2017. Characterization of 60 types of Chinese biomass waste and resultant biochars in terms of their candidacy for soil application. Bioenergy 9: 1423-1435. DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12435.

Tan X, Y Liu, G Zeng, X Wang, X Hu, Y Gu and Z Yang. 2015. Application of biochar for the removal of pollutants from aqueous solutions. Chemosphere 125: 70-85. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.12.058.

Windeatt JH, AB Ross, PT Williams, PM Forster, MA Nahil and S Singh. 2014. Characteristics of biochars from crop residues: Potential for carbon sequestration and soil amendment. J Environ Manage 146: 189-197. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.08.003.

Yadav H, R Fatima, A Sharma and S Mathur. 2017. Enhancement of Applicability of Rock Phosphate in Alkaline Soils by Organic Compost. Appl Soil Ecol 113: 80-85. doi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.02.004.

Yu L, Y Wang, Y Yuan, J Tang and S Zhou. 2016. Biochar as Electron Acceptor for Microbial Extracellular Respiration. Geomicrobiol J 33: 530-536. doi: 10.1080/01490451.2015.1062060.

Zabee MA and S AL-Maliki. 2019. Interactions between Biofertilizers and Chemical Fertilizers affected Soil Biological Properties and Potato Yield. Euphrates J Agric Sci 11: 1-17.

Zhang K, L Chen, Y Li, PC Brookes, J Xu and Y Luo. 2017. The effects of combinations of biochar, lime, and organic fertilizer on nitrification and nitrifiers. Biol Fertil Soils 53: 77-87. DOI: 10.1007/s00374-016-1154-0.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


University of OxfordColumbia University LibraryStanford Crossref EBSCO


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.