Effect of Land Use Change on Soil Physico-chemical Characteristics in Sungai Batang, east part of Maninjau Caldera

Yulnafatmawita Yulnafatmawita, Refdinal Refdinal, Armansyah Armansyah, Zainal Abdul Haris


Land-use change from the forest to others will affect the soil’s physicochemical properties. The research was conducted to identify soil physicochemical properties affected by land-use change in Sungai Batang, the east-south part of Maninjau caldera. The research used a survey method from which soil was sampled at four different types of land use (forest, bushland, mixed garden, and paddy soil) at 0-30 cm depth with three replicates. The results show that the soil in Sungai Batang was still developing. It was indicated by coarse soil texture (clay loam to sandy clay loam). Land-use change from the forest to other uses has altered some soil physicochemical properties. It increased soil bulk density and decreased total soil porosity, permeability rate, SOM content, and  total-N. However, there was an increase in  soil characteristics, especially soil P-availability, CEC, Ca-  and Na-exchangeable . While the soil pH  (H2O), K-and Mg-exchangeable stayed the same. In general, land use changed from forest to other use, mostly farming land degraded physicochemical characteristics of the soil derived from volcanic materials in Sungai Batang. That was mainly due to the decrease in SOM content.


Caldera maninjau; land-use change; Physico-chemical characteristics; Sungai Batang; volcanic material

Full Text:



Alloway BV, A Pribadi, JA Westgate, M Bird, LK Fifield, A Hogg, and I Smith. 2004. Correspondence between glass-FT and 14C ages of silicic pyroclastic flow deposits sourced from Maninjau caldera, west-central Sumatra. Earth Planetary Sci Letters 227: 121-133

Assefa D, B Rewald, H Sandén, C Rosinger, A Abiyu, B Yitaferu and DL Godbold. 2017. Deforestation and land use strongly affect soil organic carbon and nitrogen stock in Northwest Ethiopia. Catena 153: 89-99.

Campos CA, LK Oleschko, BJ Etchevers and MC Hidalgo. 2007. Exploring the effect of changes in land use on soil quality on the eastern slope of the Cofre de Perote volcano (Mexico). Forest Ecol Manag 248: 174-182.

Hendra IZ. 2021. Pemetaan digital sifat kimia tanah pada area terdampak erupsi gunung Tinjau di Sumatera Barat. [Skripsi]. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Andalas, Padang. (in Indonesian).

Jin Q, C Wang, J Sardans, T Vancov, Y Fang, L Wu, X Huang, A Gargallo-Garriga and W Wang. 2021. Effect of soil degradation on the carbon concentration and retention of nitrogen and phosphorus across Chinese rice paddy fields. Catena 209: 105810. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2021.105810

Jiang B, J Shen, M Sun, Y Hu, W Jiang, J Wang, Y Li and J Wu. 2021. Soil phosphorus availability and rice phosphorus uptake in paddy fields under various agronomic practices. Pedosphere 31: 103-115.

Nguemezi C, P Tematio, F B T Silatsa and M Yemefack. 2021. Spatial variation and temporal decline (1985–2017) of soil organic carbon stocks (SOCS) in relation to land-use types in Tomball area, South-West Cameroon. Soil Till Res 213: 105114

Setyahadi A, P Eko, I Rinaldi and A Arif. 2012. Danau-danau penanda jejak tektovulkanik. (http://sains.kompas.com/read/2012/04/23/09035935). (in Indonesian).

Sierra J and F Causeret. 2018. Changes in soil carbon inputs and outputs along a tropical altitudinal gradient of volcanic soils under intensive agriculture. Geoderma 320:95-104.

Toohey RC, J Boll, ES Brooks, and JR Jones. 2018. Effects of land use on soil properties and hydrological processes at the point, plot, and catchment scale in volcanic soils near Turrialba, Costa Rica. Geoderma 315: 138-148.

Valle SR, J Dörner, F Zúñiga and D Dec. 2018. Seasonal dynamics of the physical quality of volcanic ash soils under different land uses in southern Chile. Soil Till Res 182: 25-34.

Yokobe T, F Hyodo and N Tokuchi. 2020. Volcanic deposits affect soil nitrogen dynamics and fungal–bacterial dominance in temperate forests. Soil Biol Biochem 150: 108011.

Yulnafatmawita, Adrinal and F Anggriani. 2013. Role of fresh organic matter in improving soil aggregate stability under a wet tropical region. J Trop Soils 18: 33-44

Yulnafatmawita and S Yasin. 2018. Organic carbon sequestration under selected land use in Padang city, West Sumatra Indonesia IOP Conf Series: Earth Environ Sci 129: 012021. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/129/1/012021

Yulnafatmawita, S Yasin and ZA Haris. 2020. Organic carbon sequestration at different ages of tea [Camellia sinensis] plantation under the wet tropical area. Earth Environ Sci 497: 012037. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/497/1/012037.

Zaher H, M Sabir, H Benjelloun and API Hounzandji. 2020. Effect of forest land-use change on carbohydrates, physical soil quality, and carbon stocks in Moroccan cedar area. J Environ Manag 254: 109544. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109544.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5400/jts.2022.v27i2.79-87


  • There are currently no refbacks.


University of OxfordColumbia University LibraryStanford Crossref EBSCO


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.