Jurnal TANAH TROPIKA (Journal of Tropical Soils), Vol 20, No 2

Font Size:  Small  Medium  Large

Effect of Mineral and Humic Substances on Tailing Soil Properties and Nutrient Uptake by Pennisetum purpureum Schumach

Adhe Phoppy Wira Etika, Rahmat Hasan


Tin mining produces a by-product sand tailing from soil leaching with characteristic low pH and total organic carbon, and can be reclaimed by providing a suitable ameliorant.  When available in situ, ameliorant materials can be economically used as they are required in large amounts. Fortunately, Bangka Belitung has sample stock of such kaolinite-rich minerals that can be utilized for improving soil chemical properties. Extracted organic materials, such as humic substances, can also be utilized as they influence the complex soil reactions, and promote plant growth. Thus, this study aimed to assess the effects of mineral, humic materials and interaction of both material on soil chemical properties and nutrient uptake of Pennisetum purpureum Schumach. A completely randomized design with 2 factors and 3 replications each was employed. Factor 1 was mineral matter is 0; 420; 840; 1.260 Mg ha-1 while Factor 2 was humic material is 0; 0.46; 0.92; 1.38 kg C ha-1. Air-dried samples of tailing were applied with oil palm compost then mixed evenly with mineral and humic materials.  Penissetum purpureum Schumach was planted after 4 weeks incubation, and maintained for another 4 weeks. The results demonstrated that the addition of mineral matter significantly increased soil organic carbon content, total N, exchangeable K, Fe, Mn and boosted nutrient - total Ca, Mg and Mn – uptake of the plant. But the application of humic material increased only soil organic carbon content. The interaction of both materials only lowered soil pH.


Alianiello F, A Benedetti, S Canali and G. Rossi. 1991. Effects of NPK-humic acids on soil biological activity. Proceedings of the 3rd International Nordic Symposium on Humics Substances, August 21-23, 1991, Finnish Humus News, p.357.
Ajayi FT. 2011. Effects of feeding ensiled mixtures of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) with three grain legume plants on digestibility and nitrogen balance of West African Dwarf goats. Livestock Sci 142: 80-84.
Ayuso M, T Hernandez, C Carcia and JA Pascual. 1996. Stimulation of barley growth and nutrient absorption by humic substances originating from various organic materials. Bioresource Technol 57: 251-257.
BPS [Badan Pusat Statistik]. 2011. Kepulauan Bangka Belitung Dalam Angka 2011. BPS. Pangkalpinang. (in Indonesian).
Budianta D, N Ghofar and GA Andika.  2013. Improvement of sand tailing fertility derived from post tin mining using leguminous crop applied by compost and mineral soil. J Trop Soils 18: 217-223.
Eyheraguible B, J Silvestre and P Morard. 2008. Effects of humic substances derived from organic waste enhancement on the growth and mineral nutrition of maize. Bioresource Technol 99: 4206-4212.
Herjuna S. 2010. Pemanfaatan Bahan Humat dan Abu Terbang untuk Reklamasi Lahan   Bekas Tambang. [Thesis]. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. (in Indonesian).
Inonu I. 2009. Revegetasi Lahan Tailing Pasca Penambangan Timah di Pulau Bangka dengan Menggunakan Tanaman Karet. Laporan Penelitian Hibah Bersaing Tahun I. Universitas Bangka Belitung, Pangkalpinang. (in Indonesian).
Jayadi S. 1991. Tanaman Makanan Ternak Tropika. Fakultas Peternakan. IInstitut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. Bogor. (in Indonesian).
Kusumawati E. 2005. Rehabilitasi lahan pasca penambangan timah di pulau Bangka dengan ameliorant bahan organic dan bahan tanah mineral dengan tanaman indicator jati (Tectona grandis). [tesis]. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. (in Indonesian).
Liu X, Y Shen, L Loa, C Ding, C and Q Cai. 2009. Copper tolerance of the biomass crops Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach), Vetiver grass (Vetiveria zizanioides) and the upland reed (Phragmites australis) in soil culture. Biotechnol Adv 27: 633-640.
Nurtjahya E, ED Mustikarini and L Juariah. 2006. Pola Adaptasi Beberapa Jenis Tumbuhan di Lahan Pasca Penambangan Timah di Pulau Bangka: Kajian Anatomi, Fisiologi, Kandungan Prolin, dan Koefisien Genetik. Universitas Bangka Belitung. Bangka. (in Indonesian).
Pinton R, V Varanini, G, Vizzoto and A Maggioni. 1992. Humic substances affect transport properties of tonoplast vesicles isolated from oats roots. Plant Soil 142: 203-210.
 Qualls GR. 2000. Comparison of the behavior of soluble organic and inorganic nutrient in forest soils. Forest Ecol Manage 138: 29-50.
Ra K, F Shiotsu, J Abe and S Morita. 2012. Biomass yield and nitrogen use efficiency of cellulosic energy crops for ethanol production. Biomass Bioenerg 37: 330-334.
Selim EM, AA Mosa and AM El-Ghamry. 2009. Evaluation of humic substances fertigation through surface and subsurface drip irrigation system on potato grown under Egyptian sandy soil conditions. Agric Water Manage 96: 1218-1222.
Stevenson FJ. 1982. Humus Chemistry, Genesis, composition, Reaction. 2nd. John Wiley and Sons. New York.
 Sutono. 2012. Penggunaan Pembenah Tanah Untuk Perbaikan Sifat Tanah dan Budidaya Padi Gogo (Oriza sativa (L.) Merril) Pada Pasir Tailing Tambang Timah. [Thesis]. Institut Pertanian Bogor. (in Indonesian).

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

University of OxfordCOPACColumbia University LibraryStanford Crossref EBSCO



Print ISSN 0852-257X, Online ISSN 2086-6682